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详解中学英语常用词汇(9)

发布时间:2022-01-13 01:31:03人气:
本文摘要:本文从“一基本用法,二辨析,三搭配,四正误和五总结”等五个方面详细解读中学英语常用词汇的用法和注意事项。满满的,全是干货。赶忙看看吧。admit的用法:一基本用法: 一、admit表现“允许进入”、“使能进入” admit表现“允许进入”、“使能进入”时,通常只用作及物动词。 如: This ticket admits one person only. 此票只限一人使用。There were no holes to admit air. 没有洞口可使空气流入。

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本文从“一基本用法,二辨析,三搭配,四正误和五总结”等五个方面详细解读中学英语常用词汇的用法和注意事项。满满的,全是干货。赶忙看看吧。admit的用法:一基本用法: 一、admit表现“允许进入”、“使能进入”   admit表现“允许进入”、“使能进入”时,通常只用作及物动词。

如: This ticket admits one person only. 此票只限一人使用。There were no holes to admit air. 没有洞口可使空气流入。可用于引申义,表现允许进入某一机构、组织、学校、团体等。

如: They admitted him to [into] their organization. 他们接受他到场了他们的组织。注意:admit一般不与 enter, go in 之类的词连用。

因为admit 其自己含有“进入”之意,如:他打开门让我进了屋。正:He opened the door and admitted me into the house. 误:He opened the door and admitted me to enter into the house.此外,admit另有“招收;容纳”之意。

如:He was admitted to/into Qinghua University.他被清华大学录取。The school admits 200 students every year.这所学校每年招收200名学生。

Our classroom admits 50 pupils.我们班可容纳50名学生。二、、admit表现“认可”admit表现“认可”之意时,一般为及物动词,直接跟宾语;可接that引导的从句和“admit to sb. that…”结构,在这个结构中,介词 to表现”向某人认可”。如: He admitted to the teacher that he was wrong. 他向老师认可他错了。I admit that you have a point. 我认可你有理。

This meant admitting defeat. 这就意味着认可失败了。He admitted his mistake. 他认可了他的错误。但有时也用作不及物动词,组成“admit to sth./doing sth.”结构。如: He admitted to the murder. 他招供了行刺罪。

He admitted to having taken the money. 他认可拿了那笔钱。由于 admit 表现“认可”时即可作及物动词又可作不及物动词用, 该结构中的介词 to 常可省略,省略介词后 admit 即为及物动词。如:He admitted (to) stealing. 他招供了偷盗行为。

He admitted (to) feeling a bit tired. 他认可有点累。admit作“认可”解时,后面还可接动名词,不接不定式。

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如: She admitted having read the letter. 她认可读过这封信。I admit breaking the window. 我认可打破了窗子。但admit后接带不定式的复合宾语时,该不定式通常是 to be。且to be中的形容词一般为贬义词。

如:They admitted him to be mad. 他们认可他疯了。You must admit the task to be difficult. 你们得认可任务是困难的。偶然接其它形式的复合宾语。如: He admitted himself a failure. 他认可失败。

He admitted himself beaten. 他认可输了。admit还可用于插入语,用以缓和语气:This, I admit, is truth. 我认可这是真的。二辨析admit doing sth.与admit to doing sth 哪个对,还是都对?划分是什么意思?这两个短语都是可以的。

两者意思区别不大,可是中学阶段只考察admit doing sth. 两者用法与区别如下:admit (doing) sth = admit having done sth 认可(做过)某事;admit to (doing) sth 对(做过)某事招供不讳;认可(做过)某事。admit to doing sth一般指过错/过失/罪名等贬义词语,admit doing sth.所指规模不限。

admit doing sth 是把admit看成及物动词admit to doing sth 是看成不及物动词,可是后者用得比力广,有一些词典也基本用这个admit to 许可进入, 认可。例句:Do you admit to taking these books without telling anybody? 你认可没有告诉任何人就拿走了这些书吗?Did he admit to taking it? 他认可是他拿的吗?George would never admit to being wrong. 乔治从不认错。三搭配, admit的常用短语:1. admit of 容许有,有……的余地,有……的可能。

如:The matter admits of no delay. 此事刻不容缓。The word admits of no other meaning in the case. 该词在此例中不行能有其它的意义。2. admit to 认可 (to可省略)。如:He admitted to the murder. 他招供了行刺罪。

He admitted to having taken the money. 他认可拿了那笔钱。3. admit…to (into) 允许进入,使能进入。

如:They admitted him to [into] their organization. 他们接受他到场了他们的组织。How many students have been admitted into the school this year? 今年这所学校有几多学生入学?4.be admitted to/into 被吸纳为…… He was admitted to (into) the Party. 他被吸收入党。5.be admitted as …被接纳为…He was admitted as a Party member. 他被接纳为党员。

四正误:(参考谜底见下期)1) 可是,Susan不认可她做错过什么事。But Susan doesn’t admit that she has done anything wrong.But Susan doesn’t admit doing anything wrong.But Susan doesn’t admit to do anything wrong.2)法官认为监犯是有罪的。The judge admitted the prisoner to be guilty.The judge admitted the prisoner to be innocent.3)任何人非因公务均不得入内。

No one should be admitted except on business. No one should be admitted to enter on business. 五总结:  Admit 有两个基本意思:1)允许进入; 2)认可。此外,另有“招收,容纳“的意思。作”允许进入“和“招收,容纳“解时,是及物动词;作”认可“解时,既是及物动词又是不及物动词;作“允许进入”时,不能与enter, go in 等连用;作“认可”解时,后面可接动名词(短语)和含to be的动词不定式复合结构, 但不能直接跟to do; 也可接that引导的从句。

Admit to doing 与admit doing 都可表现“认可做过某事”;admit to doing 一般后接指过错/过失/罪名等贬义词语,admit doing sth.所指规模不限。Admit of /to; be admitted to/ into; be admitted as 都是常用短语和句型。


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